A Functional Movement Screen (often referred to as FMS) helps identify asymmetries resulting in functional movement deficiencies. Don’t feel alone – contrary to the initial interpretation by many, no physical screen is involved. Think of it more as screening through the use of a number of simple exercises.
FMS helps identify imbalances in stability or mobility while utilizing seven movement patterns (the exercises mentioned above). These motions offer a qualified practitioner an observable assessment of performance in important areas of a patient’s physical body function.
When any deficiencies are identified through a Functional Movement Screen, a regimen of exercises is prescribed with the goal of correction and prevention of various injuries, largely musculoskeletal.
Seven Functional Movement Screen Patterns
Seven movement patterns are utilized in performing a Functional Movement Screen – all require mobility and stability. But don’t be intimidated – you do not need to be a CrossFitter or body builder to perform these. You’re also not competing with anyone. You’re simply performing these motions to assist in an accurate diagnosis.
- Deep Squat
- Hurdle Step
- In-line Lunge
- Active Straight-leg Raise
- Trunk Stability Push-up
- Rotary Stability
- Shoulder Mobility
Who Can Benefit?
A Functional Movement Screen is helpful in identifying when a patient is looking at an increased risk of injury. There is documentation of its use in the young and active up to to middle-aged individuals. Elite, collegiate, and professional athletes have all benefited. In addition, first responders and members of the military have utilized it.
Again, don’t be intimidated if you aren’t a first responder, Marine, or college athlete. A Functional Movement Screen may be prescribed to give us the best information available for your diagnosis.